Reviewed scientific papers referring to BSRN

This is a compilation of papers related to the BSRN that the WRMC is currently aware of. Since the WRMC is not informed about any submitted paper with BSRN content this list is by far not complete! Please inform us in case you know papers which are missing in this list!

Allen R.P. 2000
Evaluation of simulated clear-sky longwave radiation using ground based observations.
J. Climate, 13, 1951-1964, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<1951:eoscsl>2.0.CO;2.

Augustine J.A., DeLuisi J.J. and Long C.N. 2000
SURFRAD - A National Surface Radiation Budget Network for Atmospheric Research.
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 81(10), 2341-2357, doi:10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<2341:sansrb>2.3.CO;2.

Augustine J. A., Cornwall C.R., Hodges G.B., Long C.N., Medina C.I. and DeLuisi J.J. 2003
An automated method of MFRSR calibration for aerosol optical depth analysis with application to an Asian dust outbreak over the United States.
J. Appl. Meteor., 42(2), 266-278, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(2003)042<0266:aamomc>2.0.CO;2.

Augustine J.A., Hodges G.B., Cornwall C.R., Michalsky J.J. and Medina C.I. 2005
An update on SURFRAD - The GCOS Surface Radiation budget network for the continental United States.
J. Atmos. and Oceanic Techol., 22(10), 1460-1472, doi:10.1175/JTECH1806.1.

Augustine J.A. and Dutton E.G.: 2013
Variability of the surface radiation budget over the United States from 1996 through 2011 from high‐quality measurements.
J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118(1), 43-53, doi:10.1029/2012JD018551.

Barnard J.C. and Long C.N. 2004
A Simple Empirical Equation to Calculate Cloud Optical Thickness Using Shortwave Broadband Measurement.
J. Appl. Meteor., 43(7), 1057-1066, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(2004)043<1057:aseetc>2.0.CO;2.

Barnard J.C., Long C.N., Kassianov E.I., McFarlane S.A., Comstock J.M., Freer M. and McFarquhar G.M. 2008
Development and Evaluation of a Simple Algorithm to Find Cloud Optical Depth with Emphasis on Thin Ice Clouds.
OASJ, 2, 46-55, doi:10.2174/1874282300802010046.

Bernard, J., Daberkow, D., Fellner, D., Fischer, K., Koepler, O., Kohlhammer, J., Runnwerth, M., Ruppert, T., Schreck, T. and Sens, I.: 2015
VisInfo: a digital library system for time series research data based on exploratory search - a user-centered design approach, Int J Digit Libr, 16(1), 37-59, doi:10.1007/s00799-014-0134-y.

Bishop J.K.B., Rossow W.B. and Dutton E.G. 1997
Surface Solar Irradiance from ISCCP 1983-1991.
J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 102(D6), 6883-6910, doi:10.1029/96JD03865.

Bodas-Salcedo A., Ringer M.A. and Jones A. 2008
Evaluation of the Surface Radiation Budget in the Atmospheric Component of the Hadley Centre Global Environmental Model (HadGEM1).
J. Climate, 21(18), 4723-4748, doi:10.1175/2008JCLI2097.1.

Charlock T. P. and Alberta T.L. 1996
The CERES/ARM/GEWEX Experiment (CAGEX) for the retrieval of radiative fluxes with satellite data.
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 77(11), 2673-2683, doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1996)077<2673:tceftr>2.0.CO;2.

Chhatbar, Kaushal; Meyer, Richard (2011)
The influence of meteorological parameters on the energy yield of solar thermal plants. SolarPACES 2011 Conference (Concentrating Solar Power and Chemical Energy Systems, 20-23 September 2011 - Granada, Spain (, 1-8, doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.763963.

Chevallier F. and Morcrette J.J. 2000
Comparison of model fluxes with surface and top-of-the-atmosphere observations.
Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 3839-3852, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(2001)129<3839:comfws>2.0.CO;2.

Donner, Leo J., et al. 2011
The Dynamical Core, Physical Parameterizations, and Basic Simulation Characteristics of the Atmospheric Component AM3 of the GFDL Global Coupled Model CM3. J. Climate, 24, 3484–3519, doi:10.1175/2011JCLI3955.1

Dupont J.C., Haeffelin M. and Long C.N. 2008
Evaluation of cloudless-sky periods detected by shortwave and longwave algorithms using lidar measurements.
Geophys. Res. Lett 35(10), L10815, doi:10.1029/2008GL033658.

Dutton E.G., Farhadi A., Stone R.S., Long C.N. and Nelson D.W. 2004
Long-term variations in the occurrence and effective solar transmission of clouds as determined from surface-based total irradiance observations.
J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 109(D3), D03204, doi:10.1029/2003JD003568.

Dutton E.G., Michalasky J.J., Stoffel T., Forgan B.W., Hickey J., Nelson D.W., Alberta T.L. and Reda I. 2001
Measurement of broadband diffuse sollar irradiance using current commercial instrumentation with a correction for thermal offset errors.
J. Atmos. and Oceanic Tech., 18, 297-314, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(2001)018<0297:mobdsi>2.0.CO;2.

Dutton E.G., Farhadi A., Stone R.S., Long C. and D.W. Nelson: 2004
Long-term variations in the occurrence and effective solar transmission of clouds determined from surface irradiance observations.
J. Geophys. Res., 109(D3), D03204, doi:10.1029/2003JD003568.

Dutton, E. and König-Langlo, G.: 2011
Twenty Years of WCRP/GEWEX Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN) Activities, Operations, Data, and Results, WCRP Open Science Conference 24-28 October 2011, Session C-13, T04A, Denver, Colorado, USA,

Dutton, E. , Haefellin, M. and König-Langlo, G.: 2011
An Introduction to the WCRP/GEWEX Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN): A New NDACC Cooperating Network, NDACC Symposium, Reunion Island, France, 07 November 2011 - 10 November 2011.

Forgan B. 1996
A new method for calibrating reference and field pyranometers.
J. Atmos. and Oceanic Tech., 13, 638-645, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(1996)013<0638%3aanmfcr>2.0.CO%3B2.

Freidenreich, Stuart, and V Ramaswamy, April 2011
Analysis of the biases in the downward shortwave surface flux in the GFDL CM2.1 General Circulation Model.
J. Geophys. Res., 116(D8), D08208, doi:10.1029/2010JD014930.

Garcia O.E., Diaz A.M., Exposito F.J., Diaz, J.P. et al. 2008
Validation of AERONET estimates of atmospheric solar fluxes and aerosol radiative forcing by ground-based broadband measurements.
J. Geophys. Res., 113(D21), D21207, doi:10.1029/2008JD010211.

García, R.D., O.E, García, E. Cuevas, V.E. Cachorro, P.M. Romero-Campos, R. Ramos and A.M. de Frutos 2014
Solar radiation measurements compared to simulations at the BSRN Izaña station. Mineral dust radiative forcing and efficiency study, JGR-Atmospheres, Vol 119, 179-194, doi:10.1002/2013JD020301.

García, R. D., Cuevas, E., García, O. E., Cachorro, V. E., Pallé, P., Bustos, J. J., Romero-Campos, P. M., and de Frutos, A. M. 2014
Re-construction of global solar radiation time series from 1933 to 2013 at the Izaña Atmospheric Observatory, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 7, 4191-4227, doi:10.5194/amtd-7-4191-2014.

García, R. D., García, O. E., Cuevas, E., Cachorro, V. E., Barreto, A., Guirado-Fuentes, C., Kouremeti, N., Bustos, J. J., Romero-Campos, P. M., and de Frutos, A. M.: 2016
Aerosol optical depth retrievals at the Izaña Atmospheric Observatory from 1941 to 2013 by using artificial neural networks, Atmos Meas Tech, 9, 53-62, doi:10.5194/amt-9-53-2016,

Gueymard, C. A., Ruiz-Arias, J. A.: 2015
Extensive worldwide validation and climate sensitivity analysis of direct irradiance predictions from 1-min global irradiance, Solar Energy, doi:10.1016/j.solener.2015.10.010.

Gupta S.K., Kratz D.P., Wilber A.C., Nguyen L.C. 2004
Validation of parameterized algorithms used to derive TRMM-CERES surface radiative fluxes.
J. Atmos. and Oceanic Tech., 21(5), 742-752, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(2004)021<0742:vopaut>2.0.CO;2.

Hatzianastassiou N., Matsoukas C., Fotiadi A., Pavlakis K.G., Drakakis E., Hatzidimitriou D. and Vardavas I. 2005
Global distribution of Earth's surface shortwave radiation budget.
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 2847-2867, doi:10.5194/acp-5-2847-2005.

Hinssen Y.B.L. and Knap W.H. 2007
Comparison of Pyranometric and Pyrheliometric Methods for the Determination of Sunshine Duration.
J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 24(5), 835-846, doi:10.1175/JTECH2013.1.

Horseman A.M., Richardson T. , Boardman A. T. , Tych W., R. Timmis R., and MacKenzie A.R. 2013
Calibrated digital images of Campbell–Stokes recorder card archives for direct solar irradiance studies.
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 1371–1379, 2013,

Ingold T., Mätzler C., Wehrli C., Heimo A., Kämpfer N. and Philipona R. 2001
Ozone Column Density Determination from Direct Irradiance Measurements in the UV Performed by a Four Channel Precision Filter Radiometer.
Appl. Optics, 40(12), 1989-2003, doi:10.1364/AO.40.001989.

Jin, Zhonghai, Charlock T., Thomas P. and Rutledge K. 2002
Analysis of Broadband Solar Radiation and Albedo over the Ocean Surface at COVE.
J. Atmos. and Oceanic Tech., 19(10), 1585-1601, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(2002)019<1585:aobsra>2.0.CO;2.

Kim D.Y. and Ramanathan V. 2008
Solar radiation budget and radiative forcing due to aerosols and clouds.
J. Geophys. Res., 113(D2), D02203, doi:10.1029/2007JD008434.

Koenig-Langlo G. and Augstein E. 1994
Parameterization of the Downward Long Wave Radiation at the Earth's Surface in Polar Regions.
Meteorologische Zeitschrift, N.F.3, H.6., 343-347,

Koenig-Langlo G. and Herber A. 1996
The Meteorological Data of the Neumayer Station (Antarctica) for 1992, 1993 and 1994.
Berichte zur Polarforschung, 187,

Kovacs T.A., Omar A., McCormick M.P., Trepte C.R., Winker D.M., Garnier A. and Pelon J. 2002
Proceedings of International Laser Radar Conference, Date: Quebec, Que. Canada, source: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences. Reviewed and Revised Papers presented at the Twenty-First International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC21) Pages: 795-7 vol.2|2 vol.xxvi+864

Kuipers-Munneke P., Reijmer C. H., van den Broeke M. R., König-Langlo G., Stammens P. and Knap W. H. 2008
Analysis of clear-sky Antarctic snow albedo using observations and radiative transfer modeling.
J. Geophys. Res., 113(D17), D17118, doi:10.1029/2007JD009653

Kuipers-Munneke P. 2009
Snow, ice and solar radiation.
Ipskamp Drukkers BV, Enschede. ISBN: 978-90-393-5164-2.

Kuipers-Munneke, P.; van den Broeke, M. R.; Lenaerts, J. T. M.; Flanner, M. G.; Gardner, A. S.; van de Berg, W. J. 2011
A new albedo parameterization for use in climate models over the Antarctic ice sheet.
J. Geophys. Res., 116(D5), D05114, doi:10.1029/2010JD015113.

Lanconelli C., Busetto M., Dutton E.G., König-Langlo G., Maturilli M., Sieger R., Vitale V. and Yamanouchi T. 2011
Polar baseline surface radiation measurements during the International Polar Year 2007–2009.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 3, 1-8, doi:10.5194/essd-3-1-2011.

Lee Hai-Tien, Ellingson and Robert G. 2002
Development of a Nonlinear Statistical Method for Estimating the Downward Longwave Radiation at the Surface from Satellite Observations.
J. Atmos. and Oceanic Tech., 19(10), 1500-1515, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(2002)019<1500%3adoansm>2.0.CO%3B2.

Li Z.Q. and Trishchenko A.P. 2001
Quantifying Uncertainties in Determining SW Cloud Radiative Forcing and Cloud Absorption due to Variability in Atmospheric Conditions.
J. Atmos. Sci., 58(4), 376-389, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2001)058<0376:quidsc>2.0.CO;2.

Long C. N. and Ackerman T. P. 1995
Surface Measurements of Solar Irradiance: A Study of the Spatial Correlation between Simultaneous Measurements at Separated Sites.
J. Appl. Meteorol., 34, 1039-1046, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1995)034<1039:smosia>2.0.CO;2.

Long C.N. and Ackerman T.P. 2000
Identification of Clear Skies from Broadband Pyranometer Measurements and Calculation of Downwelling Shortwave Cloud Effects.
J. Geophy. Res. Atmosph., 105(D12), 15609-15626, doi:10.1029/2000JD900077.

Long C.N., Ackerman T.P., Gaustad K.L. and Cole J.N.S. 2006
Estimation of fractional sky cover from broadband shortwave radiometer measurements.
J. Geophy. Res. Atmosph., 111(D11), D11204, doi:10.1029/2005JD006475.

Long C.N. and Shi Y. 2008
An Automated Quality Assessment and Control Algorithm for Surface Radiation Measurements.
TOASJ, 2, 23-37, doi:10.2174/1874282300802010023

Martins F.R., Souza M.P. and Pereira E.B. 2003
Comparative study of satellite and ground techniques for cloud cover determination.
Advances in Space Research, 32(11), 2275-2280, doi:10.1016/S0273-1177(03)90554-0.

Marty C., Philipona R., Delamere J., Dutton E.G., Michalsky J., Stamnes K., Storvold R., Stoffel T., Clough S.A. and Mlawer E.J. 2003
Downward longwave irradiance uncertainty under arctic atmospheres: Measurements and modeling.
J. Geophys. Res., 108(D12), 4358, doi:10.1029/2002JD002937.

Matsui N., Long C.N., Augustine J., Halliwell D., Uttal T., Longenecker D., Niebergall O., Wendell J. and Albee R. 2012
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 429–438, 2012, doi:10.5194/amt-5-429-2012.

McFarlane S.A., Long C.N. and Flynn D.M. 2005
Impact of Island-Induced Clouds on Surface Measurements: Analysis of the ARM Nauru Island Effect Study Data.
J. Appl. Meteor., 44(7), 1045-1065, doi:10.1175/JAM2241.1.

Meetschen D., van den Hurk B.J.J.M., Ament F. and Drusch M. 2004
Optimized surface radiation fields derived from Meteosat imagery and a Regional Atmospheric Model.
J. Hydromet., 5(6), 1091-1101, doi:10.1175/JHM-389.1.

Michel D., Philipona R., Ruckstuhl C., Vogt R., Vuilleumier, L. 2008
Performance and Uncertainty of CNR1 Net Radiometers during a One-Year Field Comparison.
J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 25, 442–451, doi:10.1175/2007JTECHA973.1.

Michalsky J., Dutton E.G., Rubes M., Nelson D., Stoffel T., Wesely M., Splitt M. and DeLuisi J. 1999
Optimal measurements of surface shortwave irradiance using current instrumentation.
J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 16, 55-69, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(1999)016<0055%3aomossi>2.0.CO%3B2.

Michalsky J. J. et al. 2003
Results from the first ARM diffuse horizontal shortwave irradiance comparison
J. Geophys. Res., 108(D3), 4108, doi:10.1029/2002JD002825.

Michalsky J.J., Dolce R., Dutton E.G., Haeffelin M., Jeffries W., Stoffel T., Hickey J., Los A., Mathias D., McArthur B., Nelson D., Philipona R., Reda I., Rutledge K., Zerlaut G., Forgan B., Kiedron P., Long C. and Gueymard C. 2005
Toward the development of a diffuse horizontal shortwave irradiance working standard.
J. Geophys. Res., 110(D06107), doi:10.1029/2004JD005265.

Mitchell R.M. and Forgan B.W. 2003
Aerosol Measurement in the Australian Outback: Intercomparison of Sun Photometers.
J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 20(1), 54-66, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(2003)020<0054:amitao>2.0.CO;2.

Morcrette J.-J. 2000
On the effects of the temporal and spatial sampling of radiation fields on the ECMWF forecasts and analyses.
Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 876-887, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(2000)128<0876:oteott>2.0.CO;2.

Morcrette J.-J. 2002
The Surface Downward Longwave Radiation in the ECMWF Forecast System.
J. Climate, 15, 1875-1892, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<1875:tsdlri>2.0.CO;2.

Moshövel, J., Kairies, K-P., Magnor, D., Leuthold, M., Bost, M., Gährs, S., Szczechowicz, E., Cramer, M. and Sauer D.U.: 2015
Analysis of the maximal possible grid relief from PV-peak-power impacts by using storage systems for increased self-consumption, Applied Energy, 137, 567-575, doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.07.021.

Mueller R.W., Matsoukas C., Gratzki A., Behr H.D., Hollmann R. 2009
The CM-SAF operational scheme for the satellite based retrieval of solar surface irradiance - A LUT based eigenvector hybrid approach.
Remote Sensing of Environment, 113(5), 1012-1024, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2009.01.012.

Neto S.L.M., Wangenheim A., Pereira E.B., Comunello E. 2010
The Use of Euclidean Geometric Distance on RGB Color Space for the Classification of Sky and Cloud Patterns.
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Issue 9, pp. 1504-1517

Nowak D., Vuilleumier L., Long C.N. and Ohmura A. 2008
Solar irradiance computations compared with observations at the BSRN Payerne site.
J. Geophys. Res., 113(D14), D14206, doi:10.1029/2007JD009441.

Niu, X.L., Pinker, R. T. Cronin, M.F. 2010
Radiative fluxes at high latitudes.
Geophys. Res. Lett., 37(20), L20811, doi:10.1029/2010GL044606.

Ohmura A. et. al. 1998
Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN/WRMC), a new precision radiometry for climate research.
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 79(10), 2115 - 2136, doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1998)079<2115:bsrnbw>2.0.CO;2.

Olefs, M., Baumgartner, D. J., Obleitner, F., Bichler, C., Foelsche, U., Pietsch, H., Rieder, H. E., Weihs, P., Geyer, F., Haiden, T., and Schöner, W.: 2015
The Austrian radiation monitoring network ARAD – best practice and added value, Atmos Meas Tech Discuss, 8, 10663-10710, doi:10.5194/amtd-8-10663-2015.

Pavlakis K.G., Hatzidimitriou D., Matsoukas C., Drakakis E., Hatzianastassiou N. and Vardavas I. 2004
Ten-year global distribution of downwelling longwave radiation.
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 4, 127-142, doi:10.5194/acp-4-127-2004.

Pereira E. B., Martins F. R., de Abreu S. L., Couto P., Stuhlmann R. and Colle S. 2000
Effects of Burning Biomass on Satellite Estimations of Solar Irradiation in Brazil.
Solar Energy, 68(1), 91-107, doi:10.1016/S0038-092X(99)00044-4.

Polo, J. Zarzalejo, L.F., Martin, L., Navarro, A.A. and Marchante, R. 2009
Estimation of daily Linke turbidity factor by using global irradiance measurements at solar noon.
Solar Energy, 83(8), 1177-1185, doi:10.1016/j.solener.2009.01.018.

Pope S.K., Valero F.P.J., Collins W.D. and Minnis P. 2002
Comparison of ScaRaB, GOES 8, aircraft, and surface observations of the absorption of solar radiation by clouds.
J. Geophys. Res., 107(D11), 4114, doi:10.1029/2001JD001139.

Philipona R., Fröhlich C. and Betz C. 1995
Characterization of pyrgeometers and the accuracy of atmospheric long-wave radiation measurements.
Appl. Op., 34(9), 1598-1605, doi:10.1364/AO.34.001598.

Philipona R. et. al. 1998
The Baseline Surface Radiation Network pyrgeometer round-robin calibration experiment.
J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 15(3), 687-696, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(1998)015<0687:tbsrnp>2.0.CO;2.

Philipona R., Dutton E.G., Stoffel T., Michalsky J., Reda I., Stifter A., Wendling P., Wood N., Clough S.A., Mlawer E.J., Anderson G., Revercomb H.E. and Shippert T.R. (2001)
Atmospheric longwave irradiance uncertainty: Pyrgeometers compared to an absolute sky‐scanning radiometer, atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer, and radiative transfer model calculations.
J. Geophys. Res., 106(D22), 28129-28141, doi:10.1029/2000JD000196.

Philipona R. 2002
Underestimation of solar global and diffuse radiation measured at Earth's surface.
J. Geophys. Res.,107(D22), 4654, doi:10.1029/2002JD002396.

Pinker R.T., Zhang B. and Dutton E.G. 2005
Do Satellites Detect Trends in Surface Solar Radiation?
Science, 308(5723), 850-854, doi:10.1126/science.1103159.

Pinker R.T., Wang H.M. and Grodsky S.A. 2009
How good are ocean buoy observations of radiative fluxes?
Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L10811, doi:10.1029/2009GL037840.

Pirazzini, R. (2004)
Surface albedo measurements over Antarctic sites in summer.
J. Geophys. Res., 109(D20), D20118, doi:10.1029/2004JD004617.

Reda I., Hickey J., Long C., Myers D., Stoffel T., Wilcox S., Michalsky J.J., Dutton E.G. and Nelson D. 2005
Using a blackbody to calculate net-longwave responsivity of shortwave solar pyranometers to correct for their thermal offseterror during outdoor calibration using the summation method.
J. Oceanic Atmos. Technol., 22(10), 1531-1540, doi:10.1175/JTECH1782.1.

Rimoczi-Paal A. 2004
Mapping of radiation balance components for region of Hungary using satellite information.
Phys. and Chem. of the Earth, 30(1-3), 151-158, doi:10.1016/j.pce.2004.08.028

Roesch A., Schaaf C. and Gao F. 2004
Use of Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer bidirectional reflectance distribution function products to enhance simulated surface albedos.
J. Geophys. Res., 109, D12105, doi:10.1029/2004JD004552.

Roesch A., Wild M., Ohmura A., Dutton E.G., Long C.N, Zhang T. 2011
Assessment of BSRN radiation records for the computation of monthly means
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 339-354, 2011, doi:10.5194/amt-4-339-2011

Schmithuesen, H. , Notholt, J. , König-Langlo, G. , Lemke, P. and Jung, T. (2015)
How increasing CO2 leads to an increased negative greenhouse effect in Antarctica    ,
Geophys. Res. Lett, 42 (10), pp. 422-428 .

Schumann, K., Beyer, H.G., Chhatbar, K., Meyer,R. 2011
Improving satellite-derived solar resource analysis with parallel ground-based measurements, Proc. of the ISES Solar World Congress, Aug. 30 to Sep. 1, Kassel, Germany. 12p.

Sutter M., Durr B. and Philipona, R. 2004
Comparison of two radiation algorithms for surface-based cloud-free sky detection.
J. Geophys. Res., 109, D17202 doi:10.1029/2004JD004582.

Taiping Z., Stackhouse P., Guptaa S., Coxa S., Mikovitza J.,  Hinkelman L.: 2013
The validation of the GEWEX SRB surface shortwave flux dataproducts using BSRN measurements: A systematic quality control, production and application approach, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 122, 127–140, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.10.004.

Vignola F., Long C.N. and Reda I. 2007
Evaluation of Methods to Correct for IR Loss in Eppley PSP Diffuse Measurements.
Optical Modeling and Measurements for Solar Energy Systems (D.R.Meyers, Ed.), 6652, doi:10.1117/12.734474.

van den Broke M., König-Langlo G., Picard G., Munneke P.K. and Lenaerts, J. 2009
Surface energy balance, melt and sublimation at Neumayer Station, East Antarctica.
Antarctic Science, 22(1), 87-96, doi:10.1017/S0954102009990538.

Wang, H. and Pinker, R.T. 2009
Shortwave radiative fluxes from MODIS: Model development and implementation.
J. Geophys. Res., 114(D20), D20201, doi:10.1029/2008JD010442.

Wang K., Dickinson R.E.: 2013
Global Atmospheric Downward Longwave Radiation at the Surface from Ground-Based Observations, Satellite Retrievals and Reanalyses
Reviews of Geophysics, 51(2),150-185, doi:10.1002/rog.20009.

Wang, P., Knap, W.H., Munneke, P.K., Stammes,P. 2009
Clear-sky shortwave radiative closure for the Cabauw Baseline Surface Radiation Network site, Netherlands.
J. Geophys. Res., 114(D14), D14206, doi:10.1029/2009JD011978.

Wang, P., Knap, W.H., Stammes, P. 2011
Cloudy-sky shortwave radiative closure for a Baseline Surface Radiation Network site.
J. Geophys. Res., 116(D8), D08202, doi:10.1029/2010JD015141.

Wang, P., Stammes P. and Mueller, R. 2011
Surface solar irradiance from SCIAMACHY measurements: algorithm and validation.
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 875-891, doi:10.5194/amt-4-875-2011.

Wang P., Sneep M. , Veefkind J.P. , Stammes P. , Levelt  P.F. : 2014
Evaluation of broadband surface solar irradiance derived from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument, Remote Sensing of Environment, Volume 149, June 2014, Pages 88-99, ISSN 0034-4257, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2014.03.036.

Wang, X., and C. S. Zender (2011)
Arctic and Antarctic diurnal and seasonal variations of snow albedo from multiyear Baseline Surface Radiation Network measurements.
J. Geophys. Res., 116, F03008, doi:10.1029/2010JF001864.

Wielicki B.A., Cess R.D., King M.D., Randall D.A. and Harrison E. F. 1995
Mission to Planet Earth: Role of clouds and radiation in climate.
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76(11), 2125-2153, doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1995)076<2125:mtpero>2.0.CO;2.

Wild M., Ohmura A., Gilgen H. and Roeckner E. 1995
Validation of GCM Simulated Radiative Fluxes using Surface Observations.
J. Climate, 8(5), 1309-1324, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<1309:vogcmr>2.0.CO;2.

Wild M., Ohmura A., Gilgen H. and Roeckner E. 1995
Regional climate simulation with a high resolution GCM: surface radiative fluxes.
Climate Dynamics, 11(8), 469-486, doi:10.1007/BF00207196.

Wild M., Ohmura A. and Cubasch U. 1997
GCM simulated surface energy fluxes in climate change experiments.
J. Climate, 10, 3093-3110, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<3093:gssefi>2.0.CO;2.

Wild M., Ohmura A., Gilgen H., Roeckner E., Giorgetta M. and Morcrette J.J. 1998
The disposition of radiative energy in the global climate system: GCM versus observational estimates.
Climate Dynamics, 14(12), 853-869, doi:10.1007/s003820050260.

Wild M., Ohmura A., Gilgen H. and Morcrette J.J. 1998b
The distribution of solar energy at the earth's surface as calculated in the ECMWF Re-analysis.
Geophys. Res. Lett., 25(23), 4373-4376, doi:10.1029/1998GL900175.

Wild M. and Liepert B. 1998
Excessive transmission of solar radiation through the cloud-free atmosphere in GCMs.
Geophys. Res. Lett., 25(12), 2165-2168, doi:10.1029/98GL51595.

Wild M. 1999
Discrepancies between model-calculated and observed shortwave atmospheric absorption in areas with high aerosol loadings.
J. Geophys. Res., 104 (D22), 27361-2737, doi:10.1029/1999JD900925.

Wild M., Ohmura A., Gilgen H., Morcrette J.J., Slingo A. 2001
Evaluation of longwave downward radiation in General Circulation Models.
J. Climate, 14, 3227-3239, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<3227:eodlri>2.0.CO;2.

Wild M. 2000
Absorption of solar energy in cloudless and cloudy atmospheres over Germany and in GCMs
Geophys. Res. Lett., 27(7), 959-962, doi:10.1029/1999GL011144.

Wild M. and Cechet R. 2001
Downward longwave radiation in GCMs: a case study at a semi-arid continental site.
Tellus, 54A(4), 330-337, doi:10.1034/j.1600-0870.2002.01293.x.

Wild M., Gilgen H., Roesch A., Ohmura A., Long C.N., Dutton E. G., Forgan B., Kallis A., Russak V. and Tsvetkov A. 2005
From Dimming to Brightening: Decadal Changes in Solar Radiation at Earth's Surface.
Science, 308(5723), 847-850, doi:10.1126/science.1103215.

Wild M., Long C.N. and Ohmura A. 2006
Evaluation of clear-sky solar fluxes in GCMs participating in AMIP and IPCC-AR4 from a surface perspective.
J. Geophys. Res., 111, D01104, doi:10.1029/2005JD006118.

Wild M., Grieser J. and Schär C. 2008
Combined surface solar brightening and greenhouse effect support recent intensification of the global land-based hydrological cycle.
Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L17706, doi:10.1029/2008GL034842.

Wild M., Trüssel B, Ohmura A., Long C.N., König-Langlo G, Dutton E.G. and Tsvetkow A. 2009
Global dimming and brightening: An update beyond 2000.
J. Geophys. Res., 114, D00D13, doi:10.1029/2008JD011382.

Wild M., Folini D., Schär C., Loeb N., Dutton E.G., König-Langlo G: 2012
The global energy balance from a surface perspective
Clim. Dyn., doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1569-8.

Wuttke S., Seckmeyer G., Schrems O., König-Langlo G. 2005
Radiation Measurements at the German Antarctic Neumayer Station, Ultraviolet ground- and space-based measurements, models, and effects V : 31 July - 1 August 2005, San Diego, California, USA ; [Conference on Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-Based Measurements, Models, and Effects] / sponsored and publ. by SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering. Cooperating organizations: U.S. Department of Agriculture ... Germar Bernhard ..., chairs/ed. Bellingham, Wash. : SPIE, 588608 (Proceedings of SPIE ; 5886). doi:10.1117/12.616352

Zang T., Stackhouse P.W. Jr., Gupta S.K., Cox S.J., Mikovitz J.C. 2009
Validation and Analysis of the Release 3.0 of the NASA GEWEX Surface Radiation Budget Dataset.
AIP Conf. Proc., 1100(1), 597-600, doi:10.1063/1.3117057.

Zhang Y., Li Z. and Macke, A. 2002
Retrieval of Surface Solar Radiation Budget under Ice Cloud Sky: Uncertainty Analysis and Parameterization.
J. Atmos. Sci., 59(20), 2951-2965, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059<2951:rossrb>2.0.CO;2.

Zhang Y.C., Rossow W.B., Lacis A.A., Oinas V. and Mishchenko M.I. 2004
Calculation of radiative fluxes from the surface to top of atmosphere based on ISCCP and other global data sets: Refinements of the radiative transfer model and the input data.
J. Geophys. Res. (Atmosphere), 109(D19), D19105, doi:10.1029/2003JD004457.

Zhang, Y., C. N. Long, W. B. Rossow and E. G. Dutton 2010
Exploiting diurnal variations to evaluate the ISCCP-FD flux calculations and radiative-flux-analysis-processed surface observations from BSRN, ARM, and SURFRAD, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 115(D15), D15105, doi:10.1029/2009JD012743.